Most children with ADHD (and also many ADHD adults) show some difficult and oppositional behaviour. Explanation 2 describes a logic to the maladaptive reward-seeking behaviour. This explanation may make it easier for teachers and carers to understand why being deliberately difficult may make sense to a person with ADHD.
People whose brains function slightly differently often represent more extreme forms of the types of functioning all of us experience at times. Everyone understands what it feels like for a task to be too much effort. Recognising our own features of ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder helps us to understand what it might be like to experience these difficulties more consistently.
A lot of people have heard of ADHD but may not really understand it. This document contains Explanations 1-5, which are designed to help patients, parents and professionals to understand the effects of ADHD. These include inefficient thought processes (Explanation 1) and difficult, oppositional behaviour (Explanation 2). Explanation 3 describes ADHD-type problems that most people will experience from time to time. Explanation 4 describes non-medical strategies that may help in ADHD. Explanation 5 describes the improvements in functioning that can happen with medication.
Although Explanation 3 describes ADHD as a continuum, such that all people are affected to some extent, ADHD is a genuine and treatable condition. Finding the right medication, or balance of medications, can improve mental efficiency and help a person to function more like others of their age. This can make an enormous difference to the mood, attitude and self-esteem.